Hey there my fellow fishing enthusiasts and welcome to my post covering my 4 best live bait options for Crappie to snap at this year. Now I have to admit to being a traditional bait user for most of my fishing life as I like to find a good spot and then see what I can attract. Of course there is maybe not the excitement of attracting and working a fish as there is with lures, however it can be just as much fun for sure.
There are however other aspects to it such as matching the bait to the location and presenting it in a manner that will make it attractive to the fish as well. The thing then is that there are so many different factors to consider that it can all get a bit confusing after a while. So let’s check it all out …
What is Livebait?
For the purposes of this post I am going to give the name live bait to anything that is, or has at some point been alive (often referred to as ‘natural bait’). This means that it can actually be alive (often kept in an aerated cooler for example), fresh but dead or even frozen. This is opposed to lures, which are artificial creations designed to mimic live bait.
Obviously the type you choose will vary based on local conditions however when it comes to using live bait, I would stick to the following two rules:
- Use local bait if possible – Live bait can be found and trapped in all lakes and rivers that Crappie inhabit so there can be a variation on what is available to them within their local habitats.
- Go to a local bait shop – In most cases, the local bait shop will sell bait that is good for local conditions. If in doubt, ask the shop keeper or a local.
As as we will see below, Crappie will also eat worms, nightcrawlers, crustaceans and insects as well. However, baitfish are generally easier to acquire and hook as opposed to anything else – apart from insects on a fly rig of course.
- You can match exactly to what fish eat naturally
- Generally easy to use
- Often cheaper than lures
- Most fish will take a bait
- You can cast and let the bait sit in the water (i.e. no need to cast and retrieve)
- Bait is great for kids (meaning they can at least catch something)
- It is smelly and gets all over your clothes, tackle box and everything else take with you
- Will deteriorate in the sun
- Fish tend to swallow the hook more with bait (making catch and release more difficult)
- You can lose a lot more to smaller or vermin species
- Bait can come off hook easier in faster moving water
- You need to make more tools with you such as a knife and cutting board
My recommended livebait options for Crappie
Let’s have a look at the main 5 options I have listed above in more detail:
When it comes to Crappie fishing, if you have a choice go for Minnows every day of the week and twice on Sundays. Crappie love them. Minnows are a genuine baitfish with a very high tolerance for variable water qualities making it a common species in many locations shared with Crappie. They are also very hardy and easy to keep alive with variations including:
- Bluntnose Minnow
- Common Shiner
- Emerald Shiner
- Top Minnow
Due to their abundance in many areas, Minnows are a favorite for Crappie fishers year round.
In short, Night Crawlers are worms. Now if you look online there are pages and pages outlining the difference between Earthworms and Night Crawlers however for the purposes of this post, we are looking at them from the point of view that they are worms that burrow in the soil.
Regardless of what they are called and where they are from. Night Crawlers are a very popular live bait option for Crappie especially in shallower waters where you can either let them ‘wiggle’ in the current or jig them a little as you would a lure.
As with nightcrawlers/worms above, Grubs (often called Curl grubs or cockchafers) are another ground borne creature that will work well for Crappie. In fact some fishers will throw grub onto the hook of a lure for extra attractiveness as well.
Find them in the dirt under rocks or rotting wood or even purchase from your local bait store and the best thing here is if you take a bit of dirt with you as you find them, they can be kept alive for quite a while. All you need to do is you throw a little rotting bark in there to feed them – just don’t let them get out onto your lawn of course!
And finally, the last on this list is Crayfish. These are popular due to the fact that they form a massive part of the natural diet of Crappie in a good number of locations. They feed on these predominately in the spring when they move to shallower waters during the pre-spawn and spawning phase of their year.
Crayfish work best when they are used live meaning an aerator box or cooler is probably necessary here as well.
Check out these: Portable Aerators for Live Bait
What should you be looking for?
As you look to source and use your own livebait, below are some things that you may want to consider when using bait for Crappie:
Where the fish are – We have touched on this above however the type of bait you choose can depend on where you are trying to catch your fish. For example if you are working in shallow waters, then crayfish would wok well. Keep in mind here that unlike lures, you are generally not casting and retrieving a bait so you will need to match your bait to the species that are found in that area.
Weight requirements – Bait weight, usually determined by the size or amount of bait you use, is important for a number of reasons including:
- Heavier baits can be cast a little further – this may include rigging with a sinker.
- Heavier baits will anchor and drag on the bottom more effectively (which is good if you are in a kayak or on a boat).
- Lighter weights are easier to jig and ‘flick’ around.
- Lighter baits will float better than their heavier counterparts – which is where insects can work.
Again, do your research into the environment that you are fishing in. If you are working in shallower waters, then a light weighted bait will work very well. Heaver options may be needed in deeper areas however they will ‘catch’ on the bottom a lot more often and fall off if you are drifting.
Rod specifications – The next consideration (and a very important one) is to ensure that any bait size you use fits within the specification details of your fishing rod. In some cases, rod specs include a tackle weight which is the highest designated weight that the rod can handle.
In most cases, however, you are going to be looking at this from the power rating of the rod. This is effectively a measure of how ‘bendy’ it is. Light power rods bend with little force and heavy ones need a lot of pressure to bend. So, in short:
- Light – very bendy – even whippy – will bend a lot with even the smallest fish. Use these for light baits only.
- Medium – needs a bit more pressure to bend – In general, this is a good measure for all-round use with light to medium-weighted baits for Crappie fishing.
- Heavy – takes a lot to make it bend – I would probably avoid these for Crappie fishing unless you are working in particularly deep water.
In general, the main rule of thumb when it comes to using bait is to match your hook to its size. As Crappie have big mouths I would err on the side of a larger hook as well meaning you will avoid getting caught up with smaller species.
Stick to a 1/0 to 3/0 hook with a bait size to match with the hook set through the snout (or head of crayfish) on a running sinker or running float rig.
Seasonal influences – When it comes to Crappie fishing, seasonal behaviors can also determine the types of bait that they will take. For example, in summer, they tend to go deeper to avoid the warmer waters on the edge so a weighted Minnow will work better than a weightless cray or baitfish along the bank. And of course when they are feeding aggressively in the lead up to the spawning season, you could throw anything along the edge and they will take it – well not really but you get the picture.
Local knowledge – As mentioned a number of times in this post, when I discuss live bait options for any fishing type, I always say to check with the locals to see what is found in the local system. The idea behind this is that you want to match your bait to what it is that the fish eat naturally.
And there it is – my post covering the best bait for Crappie this year. I hope it has been helpful and as usual, please let me know of your experiences with them.
Also, please do not hesitate to comment below if you have any questions, concerns, corrections, or would like me to check anything else out for you.
Until next time